Departamento de Hacienda y Economía

Rules for the submission of original texts to Ekonomiaz journal


The works will be related to the topics chosen for future issues (“Next Numbers”) or those unsolicited works related to matters of interest in the real economy and academic research, specifically applied to the Basque Country (section "Other collaborations"). The papers submitted must not have been previously published or must not have appeared in any other paper about to be published or in the process of publication in any other national or foreign journal (in a similar translated version), both in normal or electronic edition. Repetitive publication is understood as, not only the exact copy of an article, but also the repeated publication of mainly the same information and analysis, as well as appearing as part of a book of one or several authors.

Furthermore, in the presentation letter of the original articles a declaration must be included stating that the manuscript has been only sent to Ekonomiaz and to no other journal at the same time.

When submitting a collective paper, in the case of not including a declaration of the specific contribution of each of the authors, we will understand that all of them have participated in its conception and design, data collection, analysis and interpretation, drafting, critical check and final approval.


The fundamental factors upon which the quality demanded and, consequently, the Ekonomiaz Editorial Board approves or rejects the papers are the following ones:

  • Originality in the outcomes obtained or verified hypothesis (with different degrees). Scientific innovation and topicality.
  • Epistemologic and Social importance: usefulness or applicability and significance or advance in the knowledge.
  • Scientific Reliability and Validity, in other words, contrasted methodological quality.
  • Excelent and no-sexit writing, structure and logical coherence and good material presentation.

Also, Ekonomiaz suggests and especially values the disaggregation of data by sex whenever possible, as well as the use the gender perspective in the analysis carried out. In case of equality of relevance and interest for the Basque economy, the priority for publication will be to select the studies that incorporate the gender perspective


Writing clarity and style must be carefully taken into account, as well as grammar rules and recommendations made by the language authorities must be absolutely obeyed, at the same time as avoiding redundant and unnecessary expressions, as well as a language sexist use. When the original language is other than English, it is more than recommended not to use technical Anglicism terms, except when there is no other way of expressing or adapting it in Spanish or Basque, as well as the syntactic and construction Anglicism terms. ISO rules are specially relevant and must be taken into account in the scientific publication.

The Journal Editorial Department will have the right to make slight writing alterations: removing grammar and typographic errors; non suitable expressions; coarse or complicated expressions, ambiguous sentences or doubtful statements in order to ensure the grammar correctness, the suitability of the scientific style and the strict obedience to technical and style rules from the highest authorities: The IVAP Style Book (Basque Civil Servants Institute), the RAE dictionaries (The Royal Spanish Academy) and Euskaltzaindia.

Obviously no changes can be made in the content of the article without the previous awareness and approval of the author. As the main responsibility of the content of the article, as well as its copyright, lies on the author(s) until it is published in Ekonomiaz, the journal will keep the author(s) informed of any possible meaning change or alteration that may have occurred during the critical and style check, before its publication, and the journal will ask for authorization to modify such content and adapt it to the editorial style. The author will accept the style correction proposed by Ekonomiaz or reject them with understanding.


Anyone wishing to write for Ekonomiaz should send their articles to the Treasury and Economic Affairs Department of the Basque Government [Departamento de Hacienda y Economía del Gobierno Vasco] for the attention of the editorial staff of Ekonomiaz [Redacción de Ekonomiaz] at the following e-mail address:

1. The original papers written in Spanish, English or Basque, must be submitted in electronic support in MICROSOFT WORD® or compatible format.

2. Ekonomiaz Editorial Department will acknowledge receipt of the originals, and will notify the author, to the electronic contact address indicated, any possible incident and the situation of the article at any time during the evaluation process in the remittance. For further information about the editorial process, the authors can contact the editorial department at:

3. The originals should be typed according to the following criteria: 1.5-spaced, 12 font size and 2.5 cm minimum margins. The papers should not exceed 40 pages, appendixes, charts and graphics included (maximum 8.000 words). On the first page, the name/s of the author/s together with the institution they belong to, and a contact address including telephone, email and mailing details should be given. This contact address will be the one that the journal editorial will use for communication purposes.

4. Each original document should include an abstract of the paper explaining the methodology, main results and conclusions not exceeding 125 words both in English and Spanish, a content index, a list of keywords (between 2 and 5 words) and the corresponding references to the Journal of Economic Literature Classification.

5. The text dealing with the content of the submitted paper must appear in a new page. The different sections in which the article is structured must be numbered in a correlative way following the Arabic numbers (including the introduction section as the 1st page) and the corresponding title should appear in bold and lowercase. Consecutively, the different parts of each section should be numbered with two digits as the example shows: (2.1,2.2,2.3)

6. The statistics graphics, charts and graphic material, in general, should be numbered in a consecutive manner in each category and always using Arabic numbers. Regarding their location in the paper, they should always appear at the end of the document, after the references and the appendixes; the precise place where they must appear in the printed version must be indicated in a clear manner within the text. The graphic materials must be used with moderation, avoiding unnecessary or irrelevant information.

7. In case of including graphic illustrations, the numerical data necessary for its elaboration must be attached.

8. The equations and any other mathematic expression must appear numbered in a correlative manner within the text, aligned to the right hand margin.

9. The notes inserted in the text must be limited by strict appropriateness criteria, according to the development of the paper. Lowercase letter (a,b,c), should be used for the references of tables or charts that may appear, showing its content at the bottom of its respective chart or graphic. The acknowledgements and any other information that may be included must be referenced by an asterisk related to the title of the article or the name of the author(s), as applicable.

10. The references to scientific literature mentioned in the paper should appear after the last section and under the title Bibliographic References. They should be detailed by the alphabetic order of their authors (not numbered). The author should be responsible for its correct verification. The quotations should follow the "author-date" scheme, distinguishing by means of lowercase consecutive letters in case there is any coincidence with the author and year. The references in the text that include up to two authors must be complete, using the formula et al. when there are more than two authors.

11. According to the format to review the citations into the Bibliographic References section, author should follow the general Havard rule with the following scheme:

AUERBACH, A.;KOTLIKOFF, L. J. (1983): "National savings, economic welfare, and the structure of taxation", en Feldstein, M.S. (ed.), Behavioural simulation methods in tax policy analysis, NBER-The University of Chicago Press, 459-498, Chicago.
COWELL, F.A. (1990): Cheating the government: The economics of tax evasion, Massachusetts MIT Press, Cambridge.
HOOVER, K. (1984): "Comment on Frazer and Boland-II", American Economic Review, 74: 789-794.
-1988: The New Classical Macroeconomics, Blackwell, Oxford.
-1989: "Econometrics as Measurement", mimeo.
-1990: "Scientific Research Program or Tribe A joint appraisal of Lakatos and the New Classical Macroeconomics", University of California, working Paper, 69, Davis.
-1991a: "Calibration and the Econometrics of the Macroeconomy", mimeo.
-1991b: comunicación privada.
MIRRLEES, J.A. (1971): "An exploration in the theory of optimum income taxation", Review of Economic Studies, 38: 175-208.
SEGURA, J. (1991): "Cambios en la política de defensa de la competencia y la política industrial", Ekonomiaz, 21: 32-49.

12. The Editorial Board reserves the right to publish the articles received after submitting them to a double blind academic peer-review process.

13. In case where the original is approved to be published, the author will commit to satisfy the recommendations and instructions of the evaluation reports and to submit an improved version. They will also check the print proofs in a maximum period of 4 days of their receipt.

14. Publication does not necessarily imply agreement with the content, which remains the sole responsibility of the author. The authors will receive two copies of the journal issue in which the original article is published.

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